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They also created small articles such as pepper and spice casters, nutmeg graters, wine strainers, mustard pots, snuffboxes, vinaigrettes, buckles and buttons.

In flatware, tablespoons and forks, as well as soup, sauce and toddy ladles, appear in the "Old English" and "Fiddle" styles, with handle tips turning down.

With the introduction of sheet silver, a new method for making hollowware emerged: the silversmith cut and joined separate parts into cylindrical forms, instead of raising a vessel into shape by hand.

From the 1780s to 1840s, Canadian silversmiths, inspired by the new techniques, produced teapots, sugar bowls, creamers, beakers and mugs in fashionable neoclassical styles from Britain and the Continent.

Owner's initials are often engraved on the back near the maker's marks.

Early surviving flatware indicates that tablespoons were the most numerous items made, along with forks and long-handled ragout spoons.

Other utensils used include teaspoons, sugar-sifting spoons and tongs; salt, mustard and marrow spoons; meat skewers and fish servers.

These forms changed little until the Victorian era, when more decorative styles became fashionable.

After the establishment of British rule, silversmiths continued to make domestic silver in the traditional French forms.

As the colony was cut off from French sources of supply, resident craftsmen occasionally received important commissions such as soup tureens or ewers.